Grand National: Aintree reduced to 34 runners in 2024 and changes made to first fence amid horse welfare focus

Racing’s most famous contest, the Randox Grand National at Aintree, will be reduced from 40 runners to 34 from next year as part of a focus on horse welfare.

Grand National runner Hill Sixteen died after sustaining an injury in the race, leading to criticism from animal rights activists Animal Aid. The race was also targeted by protesters from the group Animal Rising, some of whom entered the track and caused a delay to the start time.

Following its annual review of the Grand National, The Jockey Club, which runs Aintree racecourse, has announced a series of changes, supported by the British Horseracing Authority (BHA), as part of the “continued evolution” of the race.

The headline alteration will see the maximum field size reduced for the first time since 1984, with the Jockey Club stating its aim to reduce the risk of incidents during the race.

A large amount of focus was also centred around the first fence, at which Sandy Thomson’s Hill Sixteen suffered his fatal fall, and the run from the start line.

In response, The Jockey Club will move the first obstacle 60 yards closer to the start and implement a standing start, which will apply to all races over the Grand National fences throughout the 2023-24 season.

The start time of the Grand National, typically at 5.15pm, will be brought forward to help ensure Aintree can provide optimal ground conditions and horses will no longer be led by a handler on-course during the parade in front of the grandstands.

Grand National changes

Maximum number of runners cut from 40 to 34

First fence moved closer to the start

Standing start to be implemented

Start time moved forward to allow best possible ground

Alterations to the alignment of the running rail on the inside of the course to assist capture of loose horses

Introducing foam and rubber toe boards on every fence

Height of fence 11 reduced by two inches

Minimum handicap rating raised to 130

Other safety changes include alterations to the alignment of the running rail on the inside of the course to assist with the early capture of loose horses and reducing fence 11 by two inches.

Nevin Truesdale, chief executive of The Jockey Club, said the changes to the Grand National are part of the organisation’s “relentless focus on welfare”.

He said: “I believe that a competitive, fair and safe Randox Grand National is one of the best ways of ensuring the sport continues to thrive for generations to come and remains an important part of Britain’s culture and economy.

Lucinda Russell, trainer of 2023 Grand National winner Corach Rambler, supports the changes being made

“That means our sport, like many other sports have done, needs to recognise when action needs to be taken to evolve because the safety and care of horses and jockeys will always be our number one priority. In making these changes at Aintree we are underlining our relentless focus on welfare and our commitment to powering the future of British racing.”

Sulekha Varma, The Jockey Club’s North West head of racing and clerk of the course at Aintree, led the review process and said: “The welfare of our racehorses and jockeys is our number one priority at Aintree and we have invested significantly in equine welfare over many years.

“We continually review the Grand National and following an in-depth, evidence-based review process this year, we are announcing several changes as part of its continued evolution.”

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Aintree Clerk of the Course Sulekha Varma explains the reasons behind cutting the Grand National field from 40 to 34 runners.

Addressing the reduction in field size, Varma added: “We know from research papers and internal analysis of jump races that there is a direct correlation between the number of runners and the risk of falling, unseating or being brought down.

“However, we also must consider that reducing the field size by too great a number could create a faster race and have an adverse impact in terms of safety. Using the information available to us and considering the experiences of participants, our conclusion is that 34 should be the maximum number of runners in the race which we hope will result in the least number of incidents.”

On the changes to the first fence, Varma added: “Relocating the first fence will reduce the opportunity to build up too much speed on the approach and re-introducing the standing start should also help to reduce speed.”

Thomson: ‘A huge number of people enjoy the race’

Trainer Sandy Thomson blamed ‘ignorant’ animal rights protesters for the fatal fall of Hill Sixteen in this year’s Grand National – he told Sky Sports Racing that changes had to be made to the race to fit with today’s society.

“Society is changing and we must change with it,” Thomson told Sky Sports Racing.

“But we mustn’t say it’s ridiculous and that we can’t carry on because a huge number of people get a huge amount of enjoyment from the race.

“It’s a small minority who jump on the bandwagon, but unfortunately due to social media, that can happen.”

Grand National fences at Aintree
Fence 11 on the Grand National course will be lowered by two inches

Dual Randox Grand National-winning trainer Lucinda Russell, who saddled One For Arthur (2017) and Corach Rambler (2023) to success in the Aintree spectacular, gave her support to the changes announced.

She said: “I think these changes announced today are a clear sign again that Aintree and The Jockey Club continue to be proactive in trying to support the Grand National and the wider sport of horseracing.

“I am fully supportive of reducing the field size and I don’t feel that six fewer runners will make a difference to the heritage of the race – it can only be a good step and hopefully will help improve the start procedures.”

Russell added: “The level of welfare in racing is phenomenal and something we should be proud of. Once again Aintree is trying to make things safer.”

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